Updated On — Monday , December 5 2022
Mahatma Eandhi Essay, writing an essay on Mahatma Gandhi is important because it reminds us of the story of his struggle for India’s independence from British colonialism.
Mahatma Gandhi was a source of inspiration to many leaders around the world, who were struggling to fight colonialism and gain the freedom of their people and the independence of their country.
Mahatma Gandhi is considered one of the greatest political symbols ever, as he adhered to his principle of resisting colonialism without using any kind of violence.
Gandhi had a great role in social and political reform in India, to the extent that they called him the father of the nation, and the Indian people still revere Gandhi.
Mahatma gandhi essay in english
Mahatma Gandhi was credited with uniting the Indian nation around his peaceful principles to liberate India from British colonialism.
He defended the civil rights of Indians in India and in South Africa, where South Africa was also a colony of Britain.
He was also able to eliminate the prevailing class in Indian society at the time.
He was also a source of inspiration for many fighters around the world. And now we will get to know this great fighter:
His name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Birth: He was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, a coastal town in western India.
He was born into a conservative Hindu family, and his family was prestigious and engaged in politics, as his grandfather was a prime minister in Porbandar, and his father was a minister in Porbandar.
His father: Karamchand Gandhi was a minister in Porbandar, and his grandfather was a chief minister, so Mohandas was born into a family engaged in politics.
His mother: her name is Putlibai, and she had a very big impact on the life of Mohandas Gandhi. She was very religious, and regularly fasted, such as the purification of the soul and others kinds of fasting.
His religion: Hinduism: Gandhi grew up worshiping the Hindu god Vishnu, and he was a follower of Jainism, an ancient Indian religion.
His wife: Kasturba Makanji, and he married her when he was thirteen years old, and she believed in the same principles of Mahatma Gandhi, and she was a support for him and she endured all the difficult stages of his life, as he was imprisoned several times in India and South Africa.
Education of Mahatma Gandhi
In childhood, Mohandas did not show any signs of genius. He was a normal child and was shy. We will mention the stages of his education below.
He completed his primary education in his hometown of Porbandar, took his secondary school exam in rajkot.
He moved to Ahmedabad to get his high school diploma. He attended university for a year in India. He attended Samalas College in Bhavna Gar, where he studied law for a year, then was advised by his friends to study law in London.
He traveled to London in 1888 to study law, which lasted for three years.
He had promised his mother before he traveled that he would abide by his Hindu principles, including not drinking alcohol, eating meat or having sex, and he used to fast a lot to purify himself and his body.
Mohandas Karmchand Gandhi was inclined to study medicine, but his older brother advised him to study law so that he could work as a minister in the government, as this was his father’s desire, therefore, he studied law and worked as a lawyer for two years, but he did not accept deception and fraud to win cases.
Returning from London to India after studying law
After a three-year stay in London to study law, Mohandas returned to India in 1891.
But he found that his mother had died a few weeks before his return, so he was saddened by that, but he started his work as a lawyer, and he did not accept tricks, so he did not work as a lawyer for two years only, then he obtained a work contract (in legal services for a year) in South Africa.
During his stay in London, he had read a set of sacred religious texts, which made him learn a lot about different religions. He also joined the Executive Committee of the Botanical Society in London.
Mahatma Gandhi moved to South Africa in 1893
When Gandhi went to South Africa, he witnessed the racial discrimination and persecution of Indian immigrants at the hands of the British authorities.
He was also subjected to persecution, as he was prevented from entering many hotels, and when he boarded the train and had obtained a first-class ticket, a white person objected to his presence and asked him to go to the third class.
When Gandhi objected to this, he was thrown off the train, and when he entered the courtroom in Durban, he was asked to take off his turban, and when he refused, he was ridiculed, even The Natal newspaper described him as an unwelcome visitor.
Gandhi decided to do his best to fight color discrimination and defend the Indian refugees in South Africa and make them obtain their civil rights, and he insisted on bearing difficulties in order to do so.
Gandhi spent 22 years in South Africa fighting for his principles and was imprisoned several times.
Gandhi’s return from Africa to India in 1914
Gandhi returned to India in 1914 at the invitation of moderate Congress leader Gopal Krishna Gokhal.
From that time, Gandhi became a famous nationalist leader, and he was able to unite the Indian people and work on social and political reform.
His most important principles were to resist occupation in a peaceful manner through civil disobedience. He rejected violence in all its forms, and believed that education had a major role in the advancement of society.
Call him Mahatma
In a letter written by Ranbdranat Tagore, he called him “Mahatma” Gandhi and since then the world started calling him Mahatma Gandhi instead of Mr. Gandhi. The word mahatma means saint or great spirit.
Mahatma Gandhi had a great status among his people, especially as he did not seek to create wealth, but donated what he had to the poor, lived with them and ate from their food.
He was only wearing national clothes, which he made himself, in order to set an example for others.
How did Gandhi free his country from colonialism?
Mahatma Gandhi believed in the principle of “Ahimsa Paramo Dharmah”, which means the philosophy of non-violence, and worked to establish this principle through several movements, all seeking independence from British colonialism.
Mahatma Gandhi was able to make the word a powerful weapon to defend his country, Mahatma Gandhi was a good orator so that his words and phrases are still repeated by people all over the world, due to his belief in his case and sincerity in defending this case.
One of the most important reasons for Mahatma Gandhi’s success was that he was a capable politician, who did not fear and believed in the cause of his country without being afraid of the colonial authority.
Gandhi believed that education is a necessary contribution to the advancement of society, and that children from 7-14 years of age have the right to free and compulsory education.
He also called for the language of instruction to be the mother tongue, and for education to develop the human qualities of the child, and for education to be developed and literacy was not considered education.
Resistance movements organized by Gandhi
Gandhi struggled to resist the British occupation, but he stuck to his principles. The following are the most important resistance movements organized by Babu (Mahatma Gandhi) for the independence of his country:
1- India movement:
This was Gandhi’s first political victory and this movement began in 1917 in the Champaran district of Bihar, and was as a result of the British government’s exploitation of poor Indian farmers, and the purchase of crops from them by force and at low prices, which led to increased poverty and the occurrence of famine among farmers.
2- Non-cooperation movement
When the Jallianwala Bagh massacre happened, Gandhi made sure that it was absurd to expect justice from the British government, so he began organizing the non-cooperation movement led by the Indian National Congress (September 1920-February 1922), and this movement was very successful due to the joining of millions of Indians to it, which dealt a severe blow to the British government .
3- Salt Satyagraha (peaceful resistance) demonstrations
In the 1930s, Gandhi demanded autonomy, a boycott of British goods, and the organization of mass protests.
Therefore, when the British government monopolized salt, and forced the Indians to buy British salt instead of producing it locally, Mahatma Gandhi organized a 241-mile protest march on March 12, 1930 for a period of 24 days / from Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad to the village of Dandi, and he and his colleagues harvested salt on the shores of the Arabian Sea.
The British government’s response was to imprison 60,000 peaceful demonstrators, making the demand for self-rule even more powerful.
He was imprisoned for a year because of the salt protests, but he has become more influential than ever.
4- Quit India movement
During World War II he led a campaign for independence and a voluntary British withdrawal without war. But Britain refused, and he was imprisoned again, which led to massive demonstrations and 100,000 people demanding self-rule were arrested.
At this point, India’s independence became inevitable, Gandhi was released in 1944, and Britain began making plans to withdraw from India.
India’s independence in August 1947
Finally, after a long struggle, India gained its independence in August 1947, and Mahatma Gandhi had other goals to work for, such as:
He opposed the partition of India, but the Indian subcontinent was divided according to religious beliefs into India and Pakistan.
He tried to quell the hostility between Hindus and Muslims.
He tried to put down the violent riots of 1947.
The death of Mahatma Gandhi (Bapu) in 1948
Hindus did not like Gandhi’s call to respect the rights of the Muslim minority, and some hard-line Hindu groups considered it high treason, so they decided to kill him.
On the evening of January 30, 1948, Mohandas Karchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) was shot by Nathuram Goddess in Perla Bhawan, Delhi.
Investigations showed that 7 people, including Nathuram, are guilty of this murder, and it was a sad moment for the country. The father of India died at the age of 78 after being hit by three bullets. Gandhi’s body was cremated and 1.5 million people participated in the funeral, as the funeral extended for a distance of 8 km.
From the sayings of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was a writer, philosopher, and journalist, in addition to being a lawyer, politician, social activist, and a leader who influenced millions of people.
His words about peace and war:
“The weak never apologize, forgiveness is the specialty of the strong.”
“Victory by violence is tantamount to defeat, for it is fleeting.”
“We will win our battle not by the amount we kill our opponents, but by the amount we kill in our souls with the desire to kill.”
“Fight your enemy with the weapon that he fears, not with the weapon that you fear.”
“Poverty is the worst form of violence.”
“Differences of opinion should not lead to enmity, or else my wife and I would be bitter enemies.”
“There is no way to peace, peace is the way.”
“You can kill the revolutionaries, but you cannot kill the revolution.”
Mahatma Gandhi quotes on humanity:
“People tend to forget their duties and remember their rights”.
“You must not lose hope in humanity, for humanity is an ocean, and if a few drops of the ocean are filthy, the entire ocean does not become filthy.”
“It is not wise for a man to be sure of his wisdom, it is healthy to be reminded that the strongest can be weak and the wisest can err.”
“Any crime committed, regardless of the case, is a crime against humanity.”
‘Mahatma Gandhi quotes on strength:
“Strength does not come from physical ability, but from an indomitable will”.
“The weak does not forgive, forgiveness is a sign of the strong”.
“No one lasts for anyone, so learn how to be strong on your own”.
“It is my firm belief that the strength of the soul grows in proportion to your subjection to the body”.
“Strength does not come from the things you can do, but from the things you once thought you could never overcome”.
“A “no” said with deep conviction is better than a “yes” said just to please, and worse, to said to avoid trouble.
Mahatma Gandhi quotes about life:
“There is a supreme court, higher than the courts of justice. It is the court of conscience, and it is far superior to all other courts.”
“Passion cannot be lost or regulated by law.’
“Not every fall is an end, for the fall of rain is the most beautiful beginning.”
“It is better for a person to be silent than to tell the truth if he does not say it kindly.”
“I have nothing to teach the world, for truth and non-violence have existed since the beginning of time.”
“Anger and intolerance are the enemies of proper understanding.”
“There is always an argument behind anger, but it is seldom true.”
“For the unity of the people to be real, it must withstand the utmost pressure without breaking.”
“A man becomes great to the extent that he works for the welfare of his fellow man.”
“First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, and then you win.”
Gandhi’s global influence
There is no doubt that Mahatma Gandhi was the most famous name in the world, and one of the most respected men to this day.
Where his nonviolent style helped the independence of India after British rule lasted for nearly a century, and Mahatma Gandhi was the first catalyst for revolutions in the twentieth century against racism, resistance to occupation, and violence.
Mahatma Gandhi laid out a curriculum for future social movements around the world.
Names of some of the leaders who were influenced by Gandhi’s thought
Gandhi was a skilled political writer and expressed in his words the vicissitudes of life. Among the most important books written by Gandhi:
Hind Suraj 1909.
Satyagraha in South Africa (describing his struggle in South Africa).
India of my dreams.
Swaraj’s love and this book continues to guide many people around the world.
Gandhi also wrote in many Indian newspapers such as Harijan, Indian Opinion, Young India.
Gandhi jayanti essay
Gandhi led the struggle for the independence of his homeland India from the British Empire, and he followed the principle of non-violence in resisting colonialism, and we will summarize the most important things Gandhi did in order for his country to obtain independence:
Gandhi organized the Indian resistance.
Fight anti-India legislation and laws in the courts.
He led large protests against the colonial government.
He led large protests against the 1919 law that gave the British authorities carte blanche to imprison suspected revolutionaries without trial, and Britain responded to this resistance harshly, killing 400 unarmed demonstrators in the Amritsar massacre.
He developed a philosophy of nonviolence, “Satyagraha,” which relies on economic, religious and political foundations.
It called for civil disobedience, which made many people refrain from working for the British government, and it may seem simple, but it had a great impact given the participation of millions of people in it.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English
Gandhi led the fight for India’s independence from the British Empire by organizing several nonviolent civil disobedience campaigns. As a result, he was imprisoned several times in both South Africa and India.
He had such an impact that a large group of people began refusing to work for the British government, boycotting the courts, and boycotting British products.
These protests may seem small in the face of the authority of the British government, but on the contrary they had a huge impact because they took place from the majority of the people.
Paragraph on mahatma gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi, a man with a weak body but possessing an iron will, was able to obtain the independence of his country after British rule had controlled it for nearly a century.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, a coastal town in western India. He received his initial education in his hometown of Porbandar, then studied law at Samalas College in Bhavna Ghar, where he studied law for a year, then his friends advised him to study law in London.
He worked for two years in India as a lawyer, then moved to South Africa, where he witnessed the racial discrimination and mistreatment of Indians. He decided to defend the rights of Indians in South Africa and was imprisoned several times for that.
Upon his return to India, he witnessed the exploitation that the Indians were subjected to, which led to the spread of poverty and famine among the Indians, so he decided to resist colonialism, and follow peaceful methods to achieve his goal.
Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 10 Lines
Mahatma Gandhi established a new form of resistance, the so-called peaceful resistance (Satyagraha), a set of principles based on economic, political and religious foundations.
The civil disobedience system was also followed and had a great impact due to the participation of large numbers of the masses in that disobedience, as they refrained from working for the British government, boycotting the courts, boycotting British products, demonstrating against laws that violate the rights of citizens and others.
Its principle was based on belief in truth, courage and non-violence, and its goal was to force the occupier to withdraw by spreading awareness among the masses of the danger of colonialism.
Mahatma Gandhi was influential on many militants around the world, such as Martin Luther King of the United States of America, Nelson Mandela in South Africa, Aung San Suu Kyi in Myanmar and others.
The world is still celebrating his birth anniversary, as the United Nations honored him and made October 2 the International Day of Nonviolence, and many countries consider January 30 to be the school day of nonviolence and peace.
Short essay on mahatma gandhi
Gandhi proved that writing is an important way in which we can easily convey our message to people. Gandhi was a skilled political writer who described the vicissitudes of life with his pen. He also worked as an editor for several newspapers such as Harijan, Indian Opinion, Young India and others, and wrote many books dealing with the story of his struggle for independence.
There are many people who have been influenced by his principles, such as Martin Luther King of the United States, Nelson Mandela in South Africa, Aung San Suu Kyi in Myanmar, and many others.
There are still many calls for the renunciation of violence and the application of Gandhi’s ideology in demanding rights through peaceful resistance.
Mahatma gandhi essay in english 200 words
The struggle between world peace and world war, spirituality and materialism, democracy and tyranny is an ancient conflict and will remain until the end of the universe, and in many cases we find those who advocate following Gandhi’s ideology in resolving conflicts.
Gandhi’s ideology is based on the principle of “Ahimsa” which means non-violence. He followed many methods during his struggle for the independence of India and in order to preserve the rights of Indians, and these methods were fasting, boycott, protest, civil disobedience, acceptance of imprisonment, and not fear of death as well.
Although these methods exposed him, who followed him, to great danger, he killed large numbers of peaceful demonstrators and imprisoned a very large number of them, but he did not retreat from this principle until he forced Britain to accept the withdrawal and for India to obtain its independence in August 1847.
10 Lines on mahatma gandhi in english
There is no doubt that Mahatma Gandhi was interested in all aspects of life in India, he was not only a political leader.
In addition to being the main engine of protests and civil disobedience against the British colonialists, he was also concerned with the economic situation of farmers, and organized protests in order to stop taxes on them, even if sometimes temporarily.
He also called for social reform and non-discrimination between citizens.
He did not believe in the importance of education in the renaissance of the nation, and demanded that education be compulsory and free from the age of 7-14 years,
He called for the mother tongue to be the language of instruction, and for the curricula to be able to provide the child with human values.
Mahatma gandhi essay in english 150 words
Mahatma Gandhi was called Babu. In 1915, Rajividya Jevaram Kalidas called him Babu, and the world still calls him Babu despite decades of his death.
Also, because of a lawsuit filed in the Gujarat High Court, Judge Bevis Bardiwagandi called him the Father of the Nation, and issued an order to give this information, thus making him the Father of the Nation since 1999.
Mahatma Gandhi has been honored internationally, as he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize 5 times, but he has not received it yet . He was also honored by the United Nations, which made October 2 the International Day of Non-Violence.
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