The Oldest Civilization in the World, In this article, we will present valuable and useful information about Iraqi civilizations, which is considered one of the most important civilization in the past, that information will benefit anyone who wants to write a topic or article on the oldest civilization in the world. Iraq is characterized by the fact that it has witnessed the oldest civilization in the world. All historians praise the ancient Iraqi civilizations, which are considered to be one of the oldest and greatest civilizations in history.
the oldest civilization in the world
Iraq is the oldest civilization in the world.Iraq is located in the continent of Asia, overlooking the Arabian Gulf, bordered to the south by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, to the west by Jordan and Syria, to the east by Iran and from the north by Turkey. Its location played an important role in the emergence of ancient civilizations. Witnessed the establishment of many major civilizations on its territory, where it was known in the name of Mesopotamia, and in this article we will introduce you to the ancient civilizations of Iraq.
Akkadian civilization is an empire founded by Sargon Akkadian in the city of Akdad, which is located on the West Bank of the Euphrates between Zamir and Kish, by unification of Iraq in one kingdom in 2371-2316 BC, and during his reign introduced many reforms on the system of government, the army and architecture, and the most famous kings of this civilization was Nram Sen, who ruled Iraq for more than forty years, and after his rule, Iraq underwent to weak rulers, which led to the spread of unrest in the Kingdom in the late Akkadian era, and the attacks from the mountainous people who were known as the Cotonians, who ended Akkadian civilization in 2159 BC. After a reign of about two centuries.
The history of Sumerian civilization started with the Sumerian attack on the Kutians in the city of Warka led by Sumerian prince Otto Hikkal, who called himself Sumer king. He was able to gather the population around him by praising the people’s abilities to fight the tyrants. After the war, Sumerian rule moved to the city of Ur, where it formed a series known as Ur III, founded by King Ur Namu, which played a major role in the development of the Sumerian political life. The kings of this breed managed to establish the Sumerian Empire in the Near East Region,This civilization was known for its good administrative organization at home and abroad, the flourishing of architecture,the enactment of laws and regulations, and the unification of judicial affairs in it. The capital Or has become the most importance city for the old East.
Ancient Babylonian Civilization: Founded by King Hamorabi, who belongs to the Babylonian Dynasty I, in 1894-15955. Hamorabi began to expand in the north of the country towards the Fertile Crescent. Hammurabi was the first to enact the first integrated law in the world, combining civil law, sanctions and personal status. The ancient Babylonian civilization was known for its large cities, And its evolution in various sciences and human knowledge.
Babylonian Civilization Intermediate: Iraq was attacked at the end of this era by the Assyrians who have ruled Iraq for about five centuries, and this era was considered one of dark ages in Iraq; they did not leave any documents ; in the middle of their era the Chechens founded a new capital near the city of Baghdad . The Assyrians displaced the Chechens in the country’s political leadership.
Modern Babylonian Civilization: This civilization is the last glorious era in ancient times (626-5399 BC), and Nebuchadnezzar II is considered to be one of the most famous kings of this historic era. In his reign, the state of Judea declared a civil disobedience at the instigation of the Pharaohs. Nebuchadnezzar embarked on a disciplinary campaign against Judah ,ended by the fall of the city of Jerusalem in 596 BC, and the participation of Judah in a new disobedience, led Nebuchadnezzar to destroy the city and burn the Temple, the rule of Iraq after him was followed by a number of weak kings, which led to the deterioration of the situation of the country, and the fall of Babylon by Cyrus king of the Ecclesiastes, 539 BC.